Introduction to Zend\Form¶
Zend\Form is intended primarily as a bridge between your domain models and the View Layer. It composes a thin
layer of objects representing form elements, an InputFilter, and a small number of
methods for binding data to and from the form and attached objects.
The component consists of:
Elements, which simply consist of a name and attributes.
Fieldsets, which extend from
Elements, but allow composing other fieldsets and elements.
Forms, which extend from
Elements), provide data and object binding, and compose
InputFilters. Data binding is done via
To facilitate usage with the view layer, the
Zend\Form component also aggregates a number of form-specific view
helpers. These accept elements, fieldsets, and/or forms, and use the attributes they compose to render markup.
A small number of specialized elements are provided for accomplishing application-centric tasks. These include the
Csrf element, used to prevent Cross Site Request Forgery attacks, and the
Captcha element, used to display
and validate CAPTCHAs.
Factory is provided to facilitate creation of elements, fieldsets, forms, and the related input filter. The
Form implementation is backed by a factory to facilitate extension and ease the process of form
The code related to forms can often spread between a variety of concerns: a form definition, an input filter
definition, a domain model class, and one or more hydrator implementations. As such, finding the various bits of
code and how they relate can become tedious. To simplify the situation, you can also annotate your domain model
class, detailing the various input filter definitions, attributes, and hydrators that should all be used together.
Zend\Form\Annotation\AnnotationBuilder can then be used to build the various objects you need.